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Entries in Climate Change (388)

Saturday
Feb062016

Cooler Heads Digest 05 February 2016 

5 February 2016

Announcements

The Independence Institute and the Competitive Enterprise Institute are hosting a panel discussion of the EPA’s greenhouse gas rule for existing power plants at noon on 16th February at the Independence Institute, 727 East Sixteenth Ave., in Denver, Colorado.  RSVP here

In the News

EPA Magic: Regulation by Illusion
William O’Keefe, Fuel Fix, 5 February 2016

“Experts” Warn Global Warming Is Making Dogs Depressed
Liam Deacon, Breitbart, 5 February 2016

Do Scientists Suppress Uncertainty in the Climate Change Debate?
Craig Idso, Cato at Liberty, 4 February 2016

Don’t Put Eco-Finance Measures in Energy Bill
John Berlau, Open Market, 4 February 2016

State AGs Bullish on Challenge to EPA’s Climate Rules
Timothy Cama, The Hill, 3 February 2016

Finally, America May Be Catching onto the Ethanol Racket
Nicolas Loris, Daily Signal, 2 February 2016

Green Car Crash
Jim Gorzelany, Forbes, 2 February 2016

Leonardo DiCaprio Options Climate Disaster Movie Set in 2049
Ben Child, Guardian, 2 February 2016

Electric Vehicles: Perennial Subsidies, Hope, Fail
Robert Bradley, Jr., Master Resource, 1 February 2016

EPA Is Metastasizing into a National Zoning Board
Washington Examiner editorial, 1 February 2016

News You Can Use
IER Study: Big Benefits of Producing Oil and Gas on Federal Land

According to a study published today by the Institute for Energy Research, the economic benefits of expanding development of oil, gas, and coal resources on federal lands include a $21 trillion increase in economic activity over the next 37 years.

Inside the Beltway
Myron Ebell

President Obama Will Propose $10 a Barrel Tax on Oil To Pay For $32 Billion Green Transit Slush Fund

The White House has begun to release details of President Barack Obama’s budget request for Fiscal Year 2017.  Most interesting so far is the announcement that the President will propose a new $10 fee on each barrel of oil.  With oil selling at roughly $30 a barrel, this would amount to a one-third increase in the cost of oil.

The projected $32 billion a year in new revenue would be used to fund “green” transit: $20 billion for mass transit, including high-speed rail and magnetic levitation; $10 billion for streamlining local and state transit planning, a Climate Smart Fund to give bonuses to States that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transportation, and three new grant programs for “livable” cities, climate-resilient infrastructure, and regional-wide transit projects; and $2 billion for research into “clean” transportation.

There is no chance that the 114th Congress will enact this new $32 billion tax plus green slush fund, so it’s not clear why the President doesn’t follow his tried and true practice and just impose it by executive order.  I doubt that many Democrats in Congress who are running for re-election in 2016 will support it. 

Senate Energy Bill Stalled by Wrangling

The Senate spent part of the week considering amendments to the Energy Policy Modernization Act, S. 2012, but then got hung up on Democratic demands that the bill should include $600 million to help Flint, Michigan to deal with its water supply problems.  Two cloture votes to limit debate and move to a vote on final passage were defeated by votes of 46 to 50 and 43 to 54 (with 60 votes needed to invoke cloture).

Negotiations will continue over the weekend, so it’s too early to say that the bill sponsored by Energy and Natural Resources Committee Chairman Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) and the committee’s ranking Democrat, Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.), is dead.  I hope it is dead because it has many more bad provisions than good ones.  On the plus side, the bill would require expedited permitting of LNG terminals. The bad stuff includes several new subsidies and preferences, lots of new federal programs, some more loan guarantees, and permanent re-authorization of the Land and Water Conservation Fund.

When the Republican leadership initially resisted putting money for Flint into the bill on the grounds that the Constitution requires that all appropriations bills start in the House of Representatives, Senator Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) replied that “those excuses are overcome every day.”  Unfortunately, Senator Stabenow is correct: for many Senators (and Representatives) the Constitution is now just a trivial obstacle to be gotten around.    

EPA Opposes Stay of Greenhouse Gas Rule

The Department of Justice this week submitted its response to the petition to the Supreme Court to stay the Environmental Protection Agency’s greenhouse gas rule for existing power plants until litigation against the so-called “Clean Power” Plan is concluded in federal court.  Solicitor General Donald B. Verrilli, Jr. argues that the “applicants will not suffer irreparable harm while this case is pending before the D. C. Circuit” (page 53). 

On the other hand, Verrilli claims that the planet will be harmed by global warming if the rule is delayed for even a few months.  For one thing, delaying the rule will undermine the Paris Climate Treaty: “Delaying the Rule’s implementation would also disrupt the United States’ leadership on the international stage, which has facilitated new emission-reduction commitments by countries representing 98% of global CO2 emissions.” (pages 71-72)

The States petitioners replied to EPA’s brief today, and their brief is available here. Chief Justice John Roberts is expected to rule on the petition in the next few weeks.

Across the States
Myron Ebell

Cruz Wins Iowa Caucuses Despite Opposition to Ethanol Mandate

Senator Ted Cruz’s (R-Tex.) victory in the Iowa Republican presidential caucuses on 1st February is a defeat for the corn ethanol industry.  Cruz made a point of telling Iowa voters that he opposed the Renewable Fuels Standard and also wind and solar subsidies. Iowa is the nation’s number one corn producer and a major wind power producer.

The corn and ethanol industries and Iowa Governor Terry Branstad (R) mounted major efforts to defeat Cruz.  An industry lobby group, America’s Renewable Future, reportedly spent $300,000 to defeat Cruz.  In addition to radio and print ads, robo calls, and mailers, the group followed Cruz around Iowa in a truck called “You Cruz You Lose.”

Tim Carney in the Washington Examiner wrote that “The ethanol lobby is a paper tiger, and Ted Cruz just tore it to shreds.” I think that overstates the case, but Cruz’s victory does show that the ethanol mandate is not untouchable.  As the program continues to collapse, other Members of Congress may now be willing to take on Big Corn. 

Around the World
Myron Ebell

Australia Cuts Back on Climate Science Jobs Now That Climate Science Is Settled, But Climate Scientists Disagree

Australia’s principal scientific research agency, the Commonwealth Scientific and Agricultural Research Organisation (CSIRO), announced plans this week to eliminate up to 350 research jobs, many of them in climate science.  Faced with funding cutbacks from the Australian government, CSIRO has decided that climate scientists are not needed now that climate science has been settled.

Climate scientists in Australia and around the world were quick to deny that climate science is settled.  For example, University of Melbourne earth scientist Kevin Walsh was quoted in the Australian newspaper (subscription required): “It is incorrect to say that the climate change science problem is solved, and now all we need to do is figure out what to do about it.  No working climate scientist believes that.”

Science Update
Marlo Lewis

Dr. Christy Rebuts Alarmist Spin on Satellite Data

The divergence between satellite data and climate model warming predictions has long been too large for “consensus” scientists to ignore, and it keeps growing despite 2015 being anointed the “warmest year on record.”

Unsurprisingly, the usual suspects try to discredit the satellite data, even to the point of suggesting that surface records, notwithstanding their well-known heterogeneity, gaps, and quality-control issues, are more reliable.

In testimony earlier this week before the House Science Committee, University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) atmospheric scientist John Christy rebuts a Yale Climate Connections video featuring several heavyweights of the climate science establishment.

The video claims satellites do not actually measure temperature, but infer it from microwaves emitted by oxygen molecules in the atmosphere. That is true but irrelevant. Christy explains: “In reality, the sensors on satellites measure temperature by emitted radiation—the same method that a physician uses to measure your body temperature to high precision using an ear probe. Atmospheric oxygen emits microwaves, the intensity of which is directly proportional to the temperature of the oxygen, and thus the atmosphere. . . . As an aside, most surface temperature measurements are indirect, using electronic resistance.”

The video also claims satellites’ loss of altitude over time due to atmospheric friction—a phenomenon called orbital decay—induces a cooling bias. Again, true but irrelevant. “This vertical fall has an immeasurable impact on the layer (Mid-Troposphere or MT) used here and so is a meaningless claim. In much earlier versions of another layer product (LT or Lower Troposphere), this was a problem, but was easily corrected almost 20 years ago. Thus, bringing up issues that affected a different variable that, in any case, was fixed many years ago is a clear misdirection that, in my view, demonstrates the weakness of their position.”

Finally, the scientists in the video cite the cooling bias from the satellites’ tendency to drift from east to west. Far from being unacknowledged by Christy, the UAH team was the first to detect that bias, and corrected for it 10 years ago. Moreover, the error was not a factor in the MT layer, where observations reveal a sharp divergence from climate model projections.

For further discussion, see my blog post, “Satellites and Global Warming: Dr. Christy Sets the Record Straight.”

The Cooler Heads Digest is the weekly e-mail publication of the Cooler Heads Coalition. For the latest news and commentary, check out the Coalition’s website, www.GlobalWarming.org.

Monday
Feb012016

CEI Today: Al Gore's hurricane prediction, EPA greenhouse gas rule, Lyft test case, and more

 

Monday, February 1, 2016
In the News Today

STATES APPEAL EPA GREENHOUSE GAS RULE - MYRON EBELL

Twenty-Six States Appeal to Supreme Court To Stay EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Rule for New Power Plants


The AGs’ 63-page petition makes an impressive case that the so-called “Clean Power” Plan is so legally flawed that it will eventually be overturned in court, but that so much economic damage will be done before the litigation is completed that the rule must be suspended as soon as possible. > Read more 


> Interview Myron Ebell

AL GORE'S HURRICANE PREDICTION - MARLO LEWIS


Revisiting Gore’s Hurricane Prediction


In An Inconvenient Truth (pp. 94-95), Al Gore blamed global warming for Hurricane Katrina and the devastation of New Orleans. Not in so many words but through heavy-handed insinuation no movie goer could miss. But there has been a large decrease in the overall destructive power of hurricanes based on an assessment of the number, strength, and duration of all individual hurricanes worldwide. > Read more 

LYFT TEST CASE - IAIN MURRAY


Lyft Drivers Remain Independent Contractors

This was an important test case for the sharing economy. Classifying the contractors as employees presents an existential threat to the model as all of a sudden the technology companies that make the apps will be liable for all sorts of supervisory requirements. > Read more

> Interview Iain Murray

 

    

 

CEI is a non-profit, non-partisan public policy group dedicated to the principles of free enterprise and limited government.  For more information about CEI, please visit our website, cei.org.  Follow CEI on Twitter! Twitter.com/ceidotorg.

 

REPORT: What is
REGULATORY
DARK MATTER
?


Media Contacts: 202-331-2277
Christine Hall
Mary Beth Gombita


CEI Issues:

Banking & Finance
Business & Gov't
Energy & Environment
Law & Constitution
Labor & Employment
Regulatory Reform
Risk & Consumer Freedom
Tech & Telecom
Trade & International
Transportation & Infrastructure

Sign Up for the Weekly Cooler Heads Digest!

A Friday afternoon e-newsletter on the latest energy and environment happenings. Sign up today!


Thursday
Jan282016

CEI Today: Climate investigations, Obama energy policies, Internet sales tax, and more

Thursday, January 28, 2016
In the News Today

UNCONSTITUTIONAL INVESTIGATIONS - HANS BADER


State Attorney General Climate Change Investigations Are Unconstitutional

Should government officials be able to cut off donations to groups because they employ people disparaged as “climate change deniers”? > Read more

> Interview Hans Bader

OBAMA ENERGY POLICIES - WILLIAM YEATMAN

Is Any Component of Obama's Energy Policy Not Shrouded in Obfuscation?


So much misdirection and sleight of hand is employed by the Obama administration when it comes to energy and environmental policy.  > Read more


> Interview William Yeatman

INTERNET SALES TAX - JESSICA MELUGIN


20 Organizations Oppose Utah Internet Sales Tax Proposal


This misguided plan (SB 65) is a nuisance reporting requirement in order to give Utah tax collectors information that they'd then use to collect use tax, and would create host of economic, logistic, and Constitutional problems. > Read more

 

    

 

CEI is a non-profit, non-partisan public policy group dedicated to the principles of free enterprise and limited government.  For more information about CEI, please visit our website, cei.org.  Follow CEI on Twitter! Twitter.com/ceidotorg.

 

REPORT: What is
REGULATORY
DARK MATTER
?


Media Contacts: 202-331-2277
Christine Hall
Mary Beth Gombita


CEI Issues:

Banking & Finance
Business & Gov't
Energy & Environment
Law & Constitution
Labor & Employment
Regulatory Reform
Risk & Consumer Freedom
Tech & Telecom
Trade & International
Transportation & Infrastructure

Sign Up for the Weekly Cooler Heads Digest!

A Friday afternoon e-newsletter on the latest energy and environment happenings. Sign up today!


Saturday
Jan232016

Cooler Heads Digest 22 January 2016 

22 January 2016

Announcements

The U. S. Chamber of Commerce’s Institute for 21st Century Energy has published an important new study titled, What’s in a Target?: How the Final ‘Clean Power’ Plan Uses Unreasonable Renewable Energy Assumptions To Increase the Stringency of State Emissions Requirements.

In the News

What Does the Peer-Reviewed Literature Say about Trends in East Coast Winter Storms
Roger Pielke, Jr., The Climate Fix, 22 January 2016

RFF Goes Nice on Renewables
Robert Bradley, Jr., Master Resource, 21 January 2016

U.S. Fracking Shatters OPEC Oil Cartel
David Kreutzer, PoliZette, 21 January 2016

In 1997, NOAA Claimed That the Earth Was 3.83 Degrees Warmer Than Today
Anthony Watts, WattsUpWithThat, 21 January 2016

Senators Seek Federal Probe into Illegal EPA Propaganda
Devin Henry, The Hill, 21 January 2016

Big Ethanol’s War on Ted Cruz
Ed Kilgore, New York Magazine, 20 January 2016

Majority of Americans Don’t Buy Climate Change Threat; State Department Blames Polling
Penny Starr, CNSNews, 18 January 2016

Remember: That Snow You See Out of Your Window Is a Thingof the Past
James Delingpole, Breitbart, 17 January 2016

News You Can Use
Survey: Business Fears Overregulation, Not Climate Change

According to a survey of 1,400 CEOs from around the world compiled by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) and published this week, climate change ranked last among 11 potential business threats. Over-regulation was number 1.

Inside the Beltway
Myron Ebell

DC Circuit Refuses To Stay the “Clean Power” Plan

A three-judge panel of the U. S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit on 21st January ruled against issuing a stay of the EPA’s greenhouse gas rule for new power plants until litigation is completed.  The panel also announced that they will expedite hearing the suit that seeks to overturn the so-called “Clean Power” Plan and scheduled oral arguments for 2nd June.

Murray Energy, one of the leading plaintiffs in the suit, announced that they will appeal the Circuit Court ruling to the Supreme Court.  West Virginia Attorney General Patrick Morrisey said that the coalition of 27 States that he leads in the litigation is also considering appealing the ruling.  

Here is an Excerpt from the Murray Energy press release:

“[T]his lack of a stay sets up the same horrific scenario we saw in our Utility MACT lawsuit, whereby we won in the Supreme Court of the United States, but our victory was moot because the Utility MACT rule had already forced the closure of 411 coal-fired power plant units in America.  Frankly, our court system is far too slow to assure the checks and balances from the Judicial Branch over the Executive Branch that the Fathers of our Constitution envisioned, and the Obama Administration uses this to the fullest, destroying the jobs and family livelihoods of our coal miners in the process. This is an absolute tragedy for America.”

Department of the Interior Proposes New Methane Rule

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell on 22nd January proposed new rules to reduce methane emissions into the atmosphere from oil and gas production on federal lands.  The Bureau of Land Management’s rules are intended to reduce venting, flaring, and leakage of methane (which is the principal component of natural gas) and will be phased in over several years.  The rules are part of President Barack Obama’s climate agenda to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26 to 28% below 2005 levels by 2025 and therefore are also part of the administration’s commitment in the Paris Climate Treaty. 

The Department of the Interior’s press release states:

“[T]he proposed rule would require oil and gas producers to adopt currently available technologies, processes and equipment that would limit the rate of flaring at oil wells on public and tribal lands, and would require operators to periodically inspect their operations for leaks, and to replace outdated equipment that vents large quantities of gas into the air. Operators would also be required to limit venting from storage tanks and use best practices to limit gas losses when removing liquids from wells. The new measures would also clarify when operators owe royalties on flared gas, and ensure that BLM’s regulations provide congressionally authorized flexibility to set royalty rates at or above 12.5 percent of the value of production.”

Links to the proposed rule, a “fact sheet,” the Regulatory Impact Analysis, and the Environmental Assessment can be found at the bottom of the press release

Across the States
Marlo Lewis

Gov. Brown Doubles Down on Deniers

In his State of the State speech on 21st January, California Gov. Jerry Brown gave “deniers” another tongue lashing: “Incredibly - though last year was the hottest on record - there are still those, particularly in Washington, who are in denial. But even the deniers can't deny the carbon pollution that exists all over the world. It is causing serious injury and respiratory disease to people of all ages, but especially the young and very old.”

Once again Gov. Brown peddles the two main propaganda points of the climate alarm playbook: (1) assert that global warming = catastrophe = moral imperative to put an energy-starved world on an energy diet, ignoring both the much slower-than-predicted rate of warming and the dramatic long-term decline in weather-related mortality; and, (2) conflate carbon dioxide with industrial air contaminants by calling both “carbon pollution.”

To cope with the California drought, Brown calls for investment in “new technologies—including desalination.” But desalination is expensive, one reason being it’s an “energy hog.” Cheap energy makes desalination more affordable. Climate policies like California’s make the state’s electric rates among the highest in the nation.

Gov. Brown took pride in the state’s memorandum of understanding with more than 100 other jurisdictions—a commitment to “bring per capita greenhouse gases down to two tons per person.” For perspective, the U.S. average is 17 tons per capita. Two tons per capita is roughly the average in India, a country where more than one-fifth of the population still has no electricity.

In Memoriam
Myron Ebell

Robert M. Carter, RIP

It is with great sadness that I report thedeath of Robert M. Carter on 19th January in Townsville, Queensland, Australia, several days after suffering a heart attack.  He was 74. The Heartland Institute has a tribute by Joe Bast plus tributes from many friends and colleagues. It also has videos of many of Bob’s excellent talks at Heartland International Climate Conferences.  A short, more formal obituary may be found here

Bob was a fine man, an outstanding scientist, and one of the leading climate realists in Australia and the world.  It was my good fortune to get to know Bob and his wife Anne over the last decade when he came to America to speak at Heartland’s climate conferences.  He was in good form at Heartland’s conference in Paris on 7th December. I and many, many people around the world have lost a good friend.  The Cooler Heads Coalition has lost an esteemed ally.  May he rest in peace.

The Cooler Heads Digest is the weekly e-mail publication of the Cooler Heads Coalition. For the latest news and commentary, check out the Coalition’s website, www.GlobalWarming.org.

Saturday
Jan162016

Cooler Heads Digest 15 January 2016 

15 January 2016

In the News

The Buzz on Alex and Global Warming
Patrick Michaels & Chip Knappenberger, Cato at Liberty, 15 January 2016

Groups Defending Power Plan Rule Secretly Talked with EPA, Emails Show
Lachlan Markay, Washington Free Beacon, 15 January 2016

Climate Alarmists Invent a New Excuse: The Satellites Are Lying
James Delingpole, Breitbart, 15 January 2016

Michael Mann Turns His Back on Peer Review
Ronald Bailey, Reason Hit & Run, 15 January 2016

COP 21’s Shared Narrative Under Attack by Left
Robert Bradley, Jr., Master Resource, 14 January 2016

EPA Ploughs Ahead with $9.6 BillionMercury Rule, Despite Supreme Court’s Concerns
Susan Dudley, Forbes, 14 January 2016

Why Big Oil’s Crony Bid To Tax Carbon Will Hurt Your Family
Ken Blackwell, Washington Examiner, 14 January 2016

Under Scrutiny, Stanford Professor Deletes Data on Green Jobs Paper
Steve Everley, Energy in Depth, 13 January 2016

President May Have Exaggerated Role of Stimulus in Clean Energy, Experts Say
Coral Davenport & Diane Cardwell, New York Times, 13 January 2016

“No Extinctions”: Polar Bears Survived Periods When the Arctic Had No Ice
Michael Bastasch, Daily Caller, 11 January 2016

News You Can Use
Next Ice Age Averted by Global Warming

Anthropogenic global warming has "canceled the next ice age," according to a study published this week in the science journal Nature.

Inside the Beltway
Myron Ebell

Obama’s Interior Department Suspends New Coal Leases on Federal Lands for Three Years While Conducting Review of Program

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell on 15th January signed secretarial order 3338, which suspends new coal leases on federal lands while a three-year review of the BLM’s coal leasing program is conducted.  How to account for the so-called “Social Cost of Carbon” will almost certainly be a major focus.

Secretary Jewell also announced that some “good government reforms” have already been decided; these include “establishing a publicly available database to account for the carbon emitted from fossil fuels developed on public lands.”  Note that this database will include carbon dioxide emissions from oil and gas production on federal lands as well as coal production.    

The review will take the form of a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) and “will .whether and how the program may be improved and modernized to foster the orderly development of BLM administered coal on federal lands in a manner that gives proper consideration to the impact of that development on important stewardship values, while also offering a fair return to the American public.” 

The process will begin with “public sessions in early 2016 to help determine the precise scope of the review.”  Stage one will conclude with an interim report before President Obama leaves office in January 2017.  The final PEIS is expected to be completed within three years.

According to the secretarial order, as of the 2014 fiscal year, the “BLM administered 310 coal leases, encompassing 475,692 acres in 10 States, with an estimated 7.75 billion tons of recoverable federal coal reserves.”  Approximately 40 percent of U. S. coal production comes from federal leases.  Eighty-five percent of federal coal production comes from the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana Federal coal produces approximately 14 percent of U. S. electricity and accounts for approximately 10 percent of U. S. greenhouse gas emissions.

Federal land in Wyoming produces more coal than federal land in Montana, but reserves in Montana are much larger.  Senator Steve Daines (R-Mont.) and Representative Ryan Zinke (R-Mont.) were among the leading promoters of re-authorizing the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF), which is used to buy private land and turn it into federal land.  The Omnibus Appropriations Bill passed by Congress and signed into law by President Obama in December includes a three-year LWCF re-authorization and doubles the appropriation for FY 2016 over FY 2015 to $450 million.  That was even $50 million more than President Obama had requested. 

Both Sen. Daines and Rep. Zinke have made numerous statements supporting the LWCF and more federal land acquisition in Montana, which is already 30% federally owned.  Given their boosterism of socialized land ownership, it will be interesting to see how these two Republicans respond to the Department of the Interior’s three-year moratorium on coal leasing and the PEIS of the leasing program.         

Science Update
Marlo Lewis

Do Melting Icebergs Combat Global Warming?

Grant R. Bigg and two colleagues at the University of Sheffield in the UK appear to have discovered a negative warming feedback in Antarctica. The causal chain runs as follows. (1) Global warming (supposedly) accelerates the calving of giant icebergs (longer than 18Km) in Antarctica. (2) As the icebergs move and melt, they deposit iron and other micronutrients in the Southern Ocean. (3) The nutrients fertilize phytoplankton, producing immense algae blooms up to 1,000 km in length. (4) The algae consume carbon dioxide (CO2). (5) When the algae and organisms that eat them die, they sink to the ocean bottom, sequestering CO2 that would otherwise enter the atmosphere.

The Southern Ocean is thought to be responsible for 10% of total oceanic carbon sequestration worldwide. Biggs and his colleagues estimate that phytoplankton fertilization by giant icebergs account for up to one-fifth of the Southern Ocean carbon sink. They opine: “If giant iceberg calving increases this century as expected, this negative feedback on the carbon cycle may become more important than we previously thought.” For more information about the study, see this post on WattsUpWithThat.

What are the policy implications? Many ocean areas are nutrient poor. In a 1998 paper written for the Competitive Enterprise Institute, atmospheric scientist S. Fred Singer discussed a small-scale experiment indicating that “the growth of phytoplankton can be dramatically increased by the addition of minute quantities of inorganic iron to surface water.” Singer argued for a “large-scale demonstration to prove the technical and economic feasibility of lowering the atmospheric CO2 content at a fraction of the cost now contemplated for emissions reduction.” He concluded: “While it may never be necessary to reduce atmospheric CO2, it will be comforting to know that we have the technical capability to do so.”

The Cooler Heads Digest is the weekly e-mail publication of the Cooler Heads Coalition. For the latest news and commentary, check out the Coalition’s website, www.GlobalWarming.org.